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Anatomy Mnemonics Collections for Medical Students Set-1

anatomy mnemonics
Today I am happy to share all these medical anatomy mnemonics .These are collected from various offline and online sources including text books.If you know any other anatomy mnemonics please share via comments.

Don't forget to visit my other best posts in Mnemonics section. 

1st set

Branches of Subclavian
"VITamin C and D"

-Internal thoracic
-Thyrocervical trunk
-Costocervical trunk

Note: Thyrocervical trunk further branches out into inferior thyroid, transverse, and suprascapular; costocervical branches out to deep cervical and supreme intercostal

Axillary artery branches "Screw The Lawyer
Save A Patient":
Superior thoracic
Lateral thoracic
Anterior circumflex humeral
Posterior circumflex humeral
Alternatively: "Some Times Life Seems A Pain".

Branches of the Facial
"Proceed to Zanzibar By Motor Car"

-Posterior auricular (only sensory one), -Temporal
-Marginal mandibular

Cubital fossa contents "Really Need Booze
To Be At My Nicest":
· From lateral to medial:
Radial Nerve
Biceps Tendon
Brachial Artery
Median Nerve

Branches of Trigeminal

-External Nasal (part of nasociliary)


Bronchopulmonary Segments of Right Lung (Superior Lobe)

Buttock Quadrant safest for Needle Insertion
"Shut up and butt out"

The Upper Outer quadrant of the Buttock safely avoids hitting sciatic nerve.
Carotid Sheath Contents
"I C 10 CC's in the IV"

-I See (I.C.) = Internal Carotid artery
-10 = CN 10 (Vagus nerve)
-CC = Common Carotid artery
-IV = Internal Jugular Vein
Cavernous Sinus Drainage
"Only Date Freaky Escorts"

-Ophthalmic vein
-Facial vein
-Emissary vein
Cervical Plexus
"Let's Go To Sleep"

-Lesser Occipital
-Great Auricular
-Transverse Cervical
External Carotid Artery Branches
"Seven Angry Ladies Fighting Over PMS"

-Superior thyroid
-Ascending pharyngeal
-Posterior auricular
-Superficial Temporal
External Jugular Vein Tributaries

-Posterior external jugular vein
-Anterior jugular vein
-Suprascapular vein
-Transverse cervical vein
Eye Rotation by Obliques
"I Love S&M"

Inferior oblique: Lateral eye rotation. Superior oblique: Medial eye rotation.
Action of the obliques is opposite to their names. Action of the rectii is rightly fitting to their names. Both superiors cause intorsion and both inferiors cause extorsion.
Facial Bones
"Virgil Can Not Make My Pet Zebra Laugh!"

Femoral Artery Branches
"Put My Leg Down Please"

-Profundus femoris (deep femoral artery)
-Medial circumflex femoral artery
-Lateral circumflex femoral artery
-Descending genicular artery
-Perforating Artery

Elbow: muscles that flex it Three B's Bend the

Murphy's point organ [for Irish] "Murphy was an Irishman
(and Murphy is a classic Irish surname), and Ireland=green":
Green organ in body is gallbladder, so Murphy's point is the gall bladder.

Anteflexed vs. anteverted: what bodypart each describes "Anteflexed
and Anteverted both bend toward Anterior".
· The "V" words go together: Verted is for the cerVix (therefore
flexed must be uterus).

Foramen spinosum: location on base of skull Foramen spinosum
is adjacent to the spine of sphenoid.

Pterygoid muscles: function of lateral vs. medial "Look at
how your jaw ends up when saying first syllable of 'Lateral' or 'Medial'
"La": your jaw is now open, so Lateral opens mouth.
"Me": your jaw is still closed, so medial closes the

Face muscles: large muscle groups' cranial innervation Mandibular
nerve: Mastication.
Facial nerve: Facial expression.

Meckel's diverticulum details 2 inches long.
2 feet from end of ileum.
2 times more common in men.
2% occurrence in population.
2 types of tissues may be present.
· Note: "di-" means "two", so diverticulum is the thing
with all the twos

Grey vs. White Rami Communicantes
WhIte = On the Way In to the sympathetic trunk
GrEy = Exiting the sympathetic trunk
Horner's Syndrome

-Ptosis (eyelid drooping)
-Anhidrosis (no sweating)
-Miosis (pupil constriction)
How to remember Cricoarytenoids: Abductor vs. Adductor
When aliens abduct you, they Probe you, so posterior cricoarytenoids abduct.

Lateral therefore is adduct by default.
Hyoid Bone: Muscle Attachments
"Christ, He Didn't Screw Girls Much. That's Obvious, Stupid!"

Note: The first sentence is for 6 muscles attaching superiorly, the second sentence is for 3 muscles attaching inferiorly. Both sentences are in order from lateral to medial

-Constricter (middle)
Inferior Vena Cava Tributaries
"I Like To Rise So High"

-Iliac vein (common)
-Lumbar vein
-Testicular vein (or Ovarian)
-Renal vein
-Suprarenal vein
-Hepatic vein
Internal Iliac Artery Anterior Branches
"Internal medicine - ouch! It's infinitely underappreciated, underpaid, destitute."

-Inferior gluteal
-Middle rectal
-Inferior vesical artery
-Internal pudendal artery
-U/D=Uterine artery (female)/ Deferential artery (male)
Internal Iliac Artery Posterior Branches

-Posterior branch:
-Lateral sacral
-Superior gluteal
Internal Jugular Vein Tributaries
"Medical Schools Let Confident People In"

-Middle thyroid
-Superior thyroid
-Common facial
-Inferior petrosal sinus
Internal Pudendal Branches
"I Pee Pee But Don't Dump!"

-Inferior rectal
-Posterior scrotal (or labial)
-Deep artery
-Dorsal artery

Cardiac valves: order in circuit "TRI berore you 
Tricuspid valve is located in left heart and Bicuspid valve is
located in right heart. Blood flows through the tricuspid before

Diaphragm apertures: spinal levels Aortic hiatus = 
12 letters = T12
Oesophagus = 10 letters = T10
Vena cava = 8 letters = T8

Heart valves: order in circuit "First learn a Tricycle,
then learn a Bicycle":
Flow through Tricuspid first, then Bicuspid.

Lung lobes: one having lingula, lobe numbers Lingula
is on Left.
The lingula is like an atrophied lobe, so the left lung must have 2 "other"
lobes, and therefore right lung has 3 lobes.
Intrinsic Palmar Muscles of Hand
"All For One And One For All"

-Abductor pollicis longus
-Flexor pollicis brevis
-Opponens pollicis
-Adductor pollicis (transverse and oblique heads)
-Opponens digiti minimi
-Flexor digiti minimi
-Abductor digiti minimi
Inversion vs. Eversion Muscles in Leg
2nd letter rule

Eversion muscles (3 looks like "E" backwards)
-pEroneus longus
-pEroneus brevis
-pEroneus tertius

Inversion muscles (1 looks like "I")
-tIbialis anterior
Landmarks for Head/Neck
"Hot Tits, Chase Chicks"

-Hyoid bone: C3
-Thyroid cartilage: C4, C5
-Cricoid cartilage: C6
-Carotid Bifurcation (palpable at thyrohyoid interval)
Lateral Rotators of Hip
"Patched Goods Often Go On Quilts"

-Gemellus (superior)
-Obturator Internus
-Gemellus (inferior)
-Obturator externus
-Quadratus femoris
Layers of Scalp

-Close connective Tissue
-Loose connective Tissue ("Danger Zone")
-Pericranium (periostium)
Lower Limb Periph. Nerve Injury
"I DROP when I see Johnny DEP, but when I see Brad PIT, I just SHUFFLE away"

Foot Drop:
-Dorsiflexors impairment
-Evertors impairment
-Peroneal nerve damage

Shuffling Gait:
-Plantarflexion impairment
-Inversion impairment
-Tibial nerve lesion
Carpal Bones "Sally Likes To Play
The Tiny Chrome Harmonica":
· Proximal row lateral to medial:
· Distal row, lateral to medial:

Thoracoacromial artery branches ABCD:
Breast (pectoral)

Scrotum layers "Some Days Eddie Can
Irritate People Very Thourougly":
Dartos layer
External spermatic fascia
Cremaster muscle
Internal spermatic fascia
Parietal tunica vaginalis
Visceral tunica vaginalis
Tunica albuginea

External carotid artery branches "Sally Ate
Lots Of Fresh Produce March Through September":
Superior thyroid
Ascending laryngeal
Occipital (O before F is an extremely common variation)
Posterior auricular
Transverse facial
Superficial temporal

Ankle: anterior compartment of leg contents "The Hamptons
Are Never Dull Parties":
· From medial malleolus:
Tibialis anterior tendon
(Extensor) Hallacus longus
Artery (anterior tibial)
Nerve (deep peroneal)
(Extensor) Digitorum
Peroneus tertius

Cricoarytenoids: abductor vs. adductor When aliens abduct
you, they Probe you.
Posterior cricoarytenoids abduct. Lateral therefore is adduct by

Ansa cervicalis nerves "GHost THought SOmeone
STupid SHot Irene":
Superior Omohyoid
Inferior omohyoid

Bronchopulmonary segments of right lung "A PALM Seed
Makes Another Little Palm":
· In order from superior to inferior:
Medial basal
Anterior basal
Lateral basal
Posterior basal

Lower limb: muscles between upper legs "There's a GAP
between upper legs when you sit without closing your knees":

Broad ligament: contents BROAD:
Bundle (ovarian neurovascular bundle)
Round ligament
Ovarian ligament
Artefacts (vestigial structures)
Duct (oviduct)

External jugular vein: tributaries PAST:
Posterior external jugular vein
Anterior jugular vein
Suprascapular vein
Transverse cervical vein

Diaphragm apertures: spinal levels "Voice Of
· In order from smallest to highest spinal number:
Vena cava: T8
Oesophagus: T10
Aorta: T12
· Note: Voice Of America (VOA) is a radio broadcast station.

Elbow joint: radius vs. ulna ends CRAzy TULips:
Capitalum = RAdius
Trochlear = ULnar

Serratus Anterior: nerve vs. blood LoNg thoracic: 
LAteral thoracic: Artery

Elbow joint: capitulum vs. trochlea CUTER:
Capitulum: Ulnar
Trochlea: Radial

Sperm: path through male reproductive system "My boyfriend's
name is STEVE":
Seminiferous Tubules
Vas deferens
Ejaculatory duct

Popliteal fossa: medial to lateral arrangment "Serve
And Volley Next Ball":
Semimembranosus/ Semitendonosus
Biceps femoris
· Lateral and medial heads of Gastrocnemius are inferior borders.

Lumbar Plexus
"Interested In Getting Laid On Fridays?"

-Iliohypogastric [L1]
-Ilioinguinal [L1]
-Genitofemoral [L1, L2]
-Lateral femoral cutaneous [L2, L3]
-Obturator [L2, L3, L4]
-Femoral [L2, L3, L4]

1 squared, 12, 23, 234 squared
Maxillary Artery Branches
"DAM I AM Piss Drunk But Stupid Drunk I Prefer, Must Phone Alcoholics Anonymous"

-Deep auricular
-Anterior tympanic
-Middle meningeal

-Inferior alveolar

-Accessory meningeal

-Deep temporal
-Buccal, Sphenopalatine
-Descending palatine
-Posterior superior alveolar
-Middle superior alveolar
-Anterior superior alveolar
-Artery of the pterygoid canal
Median Supply to Hand
"Median nerve innervates the LOAF muscles"

-Opponens Pollicis
-Abductor Pollicis Brevis
-Flexor Pollicis Brevis
Middle Meatus Structures

-Hiatus semilunaris
-Maxillary sinus
-Frontal sinus
-Anterior Ethmoidal sinus
-Middle Ethmoidal sinus
-Ethmoidal bulla
Middle Meningeal Anastomoses
"I Only Read Mysteries"

-Internal Carotid
-Recurrent Meningeal
-Middle Meningeal
Misc. Innervations
L2, 3, 4
Makes the psoas get sore!

C3, 4, 5
Keeps the diaphragm (phrenic) alive!

S2, 3, 4
Keep the sh*t from hitting the floor!
Muscles Innervated by Radial Nerve
"Try A Big Chocolate Chip Sundae, Double Dip Cherries And Peanuts Preferably Included"

-(Ext.) Carpi radialis longus
-(Ext.) Carpi radialis brevis
-(Ext.) Digitorum
-(Ext.) Digiti minimi
-(Ext.) Carpi ulnaris
-Abductor poll. longus
-(Ext.) Poll. brevis
-(Ext.) Poll. longus
-(Ext.) Indicis

*For the neighboring words that start with the same letter (eg: chocolate and chip), notice that the longer word in the mnemonic, corresponds to the longer of the two muscle names (ex: ext. carpi radialis longus and ext. carpi radialis brevis)
Nasal Cavity Components
"Never Call Me Needle Nose!"

-Nares [external]
-Nares [internal]
Nerves endangered by Parotid Gland Surgery

-Retromandibular vein
-External carotid artery
Nervous Innervation of Cranial Nerves
"Some say money matters, but my brother says big boobs matter more"


Orbit: Bones of Medial Wall
"My Little Eye Sits in the orbit"

-Maxilla (frontal process)
-Sphenoid (body)

Don't forget to visit my other best posts in Mnemonics section.
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