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Anatomy Mnemonics Collections for Medical Students Set-5

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5th set of  medical anatomy mnemonics series .These are collected from various offline and online sources including text books.If you know any other anatomy mnemonics please share via comments.









Don't forget to visit my other best posts in Mnemonics section. 

5th set



Cavernous sinus contents O TOM CAT:
O TOM are lateral wall components, in order from superior to inferior.
CA are the components within the sinus, from medial to lateral. CA ends at the
level of T from O TOM.
Occulomotor nerve (III)
Trochlear nerve (IV)
Ophthalmic nerve (V1)
Maxillary nerve (V2)
Carotid artery
Abducent nerve (VI)
T: When written, connects to the T of OTOM.


Facial bones "Virgil Can Not Make
MPet Zebra Laugh!":
Vomer
Conchae
Nasal
Maxilla
Mandible
Palatine
Zygomatic
Lacrimal


Cranial bones "Fraternity Parties Occasionally
Teach Spam Etiquette":
· The first two letters of each bone:
Frontal
Parietal
Occipital
Temporal
Sphenoid
Ethmoid


Superior mediastinum contents "BATS & TENT":
Brachiocephalic veins
Arch of aorta
Thymus
Superior vena cava
Trachea
Esophagus
Nerves (vagus & phrenic)
Thoracic duct


Femoral triangle: contents NAVY:
· In order from lateral to medial:
Nerve
Artery
Vein
Y of the groin
· Alternatively: Y = Y-fronts [male underwear].


Carpal bones "The boat sailed to the moon with
3 pEas in a rOw, at the wheel was Captain Hook":
· Carpal bones in order of occurrence:
Boat is scaphoid. Moon is lunate. 3 is triquetrum. Peas is pisiform (stressing
the E sound for trapezium). Row is trapezoid (stressing the O for trapezOid).
Captain is capitate. Hook is hamate (hamate has the hook).


Internal iliac artery: anterior branches What Bill admitted
to Hilary: "I Milked Our Insatiable Intern's
Udders Under the Desk":
Inferior gluteal
Middle rectal
Obturator
Inferior vesical artery
Internal pudendal artery
Umbilical
U/D=Uterine artery (female)/ Deferential artery
(male)


Facial nerve: branches after Stylomastoid foramen "Ten
Zulus Buggered MCat (Painfully)":
· From superior to inferior:
Temporal branch
Zygomatic branch
Buccal branch
Mandibular branch
Cervical branch
(Posterior auricular nerve)
· Alternatively: "PAssing Through Zanzibar BMotor
Car" (PA for Posterior Auricular).


Sperm pathway through male reproductive tract "STaRT
DEEP--VD!":
· Sperm duct system progression, from smallest to largest:
STSeminiferous Tubules
RTRete Testes
DEDuctus Efferentes
EPEpididymis
VDVas Deferens


Horner's syndrome components SPAM:
Sunken eyeballs/ Symphathetic plexus (cervical) affected
Ptosis
Anhydrosis
Miosis


Spermatic cord contents "Piles Don't Contribute
TA Good Sex Life":
Pampiniform plexus
Ductus deferens
Cremasteric artery
Testicular artery
Artery of the ductus deferens
Genital branch of the genitofemoral nerve
Sympathetic nerve fibers
Lymphatic vessels


Maxillary artery branches "DAM I AM Piss Drunk
But Stupid Drunk I Prefer, Must Phone
Alcoholics Anonymous":
Deep auricular
Anterior tympanic
Middle meningeal
Inferior alveolar
Accessory meningeal
Masseteric
Pterygoid
Deep temporal
Buccal
Sphenopalatine
Descending palatine
Infraorbital
Posterior superior alveolar
Middle superior alveolar
Pharyngeal
Anterior superior alveolar
Artery of the pterygoid canal

 Interossei muscles: actions of dorsal vs. palmar in hand "PAd
and DAb":
The Palmar Adduct and the Dorsal Abduct.
· Use your hand to dab with a pad.


V3 innervated muscles (branchial arch 1 derivatives) "M.D.
My TV
":
Mastication [masseter, temporalis, pterygoids]
Digastric [anterior belly]
Mylohyoid
tensor Tympani
tensor Veli palatini


CN VII innervated muscles (branchial arch 2 derivatives)
"Imagine someone making the facial expression to say 'PSS...' ":
Facial expression muscles
Posterior belly of digastric
Stapedius
Stylohyoid


Sperm pathway through male reproductive tract SEVEN UP:
Seminiferous tubules
Epididymis
Vas deferens
Ejaculatory duct
Nothing
Urethra
Penis


Thoracic cage: relations to the important venous structures
Behind the sternoclavicular joints: the brachiocephalic veins begin.
Behind the 1st costal cartilage on the right the superior vena cava
begins.
Behind the 2nd costal cartilage on the right the azygos vein ends.
Behind the 3rd costal cartilage on the right the superior vena cava ends.


Carpal bones "Scottish Lads Take Prostitutes
TThe Caledonian Hotel":
· Proximal row, then distal row:
Scaphoid
Lunate
Triquetrium
Pisiform
Trapezium
Trapezoid
Capate
Hamate
· Alternatively: "Students Like Taking Prostitutes
TThe Carelton Hotel".



Carpal bones "She Looks Too Pretty;
Try TCatch Her":
· Proximal row then distal row, both lateral-to-medial:
Scaphoid
Lunate
Triquetrium
Pisiform
Trapezium
Trapezoid
Capate
Hamate
· Alternatively: "She Likes TPlay; Try To
Catch Her".

Femoral hernia: epidemiology FEMoral hernias are more
common in FEMales.


Superior orbital fissure: structures passing through "Live
Free TSee Absolutely NInsult":
Lacrimal nerve
Frontal nerve
Trochlear nerve
Superior branch of oculomotor nerve
Abducent nerve
Nasociliary nerve
Inferior branch of oculomotor nerve


V3: sensory branches "Buccaneers Are Inferior
Lingu
ists":
Buccal
Auriculotemporal
Inferior alveolar
Lingual


External carotid artery branches "SLong For
Acting Old Parenting Means Stability":
Superior thyroid
Lingual
Facial
Ascending pharyngeal
Occiptal
Posterior auricular
Maxillary
Superficial temporal


Spinal cord: length in vertebral column SCULL:
Spinal Cord Until L2 (LL).


Carotid sheath contents "I See 10 CC's in the IV":
I See (I.C.) = Internal Carotid artery
10 = CN 10 (Vagus nerve)
CC = Common Carotid artery
IV = Internal Jugular Vein


Obturator canal: relations of structures "Who's flying in
the top of Obturator canal? Obviously Not A Vein!":
Obturator
Nerve
Artery
Vein


Lacrimal nerve course "Lacrimal's story of 8 L's":
Lacrimal nerve runs on Lateral wall of orbit above Lateral
rectus, then Lets communicating branch join in, then supplies Lacrimal
gland, then Leaves it and supplies Lateral upper eye Lid!


Internal iliac artery: posterior branch PILS:
Posterior branch
Iliolumbar
Lateral sacral
Superior gluteal


Facial nerve branches "Two Zombies Buggered
MCat":
· From superior to inferior:
Temporal branch
Zygomatic branch
Buccal branch
Mandibular branch
Cervical branch
· Alternatively: "Two Zulus Bit MCat".
· Alternatively: "Two Zebras Bit MCoccyx".
· Alternatively: "TZanzibar BMotor Car".
· Alternatively: "Tall Zulus Bear Many Children"
· Alternatively: "Tell Ziggy Bob Marley Called".


External carotid artery branches StApLE OPIS:
Superior thyroid
Ascending pharyngeal
Lingual
External maxillary (facial)
Occipital
Posterior auricular
Internal maxillary
Superficial temporal


Bronchi: which is more vertical "Right on Red":
Many places allow making a right hand turn at a red light, if you
first come to a complete stop.
A child swallowing a red penny is more likely to get it stopped
down the right bronchus, since it is more vertical.


Hip: lateral rotators "Play Golf O
G
OQuaaludes":
· From top to bottom:
Piriformis
Gemellus superior
Obturator internus
Gemellus inferior
Obturator externus
Quadratus femoris
· Alternatively: "P-GO-GO-Q".


Cartilage derivatives of 1st pharyngeal arch (mandibular) "I'M
A Super Sexy Guy" (or Girl):
Incus
Malleus
Anterior ligament of malleus
Spine of sphenoid
Sphenomandibular ligament
Genial tubercle of mandible


Axillary artery branches "Suzy Thompkins Loves
Sex, Alcohol, and Pot":
· From proximal to distal:
Superior thoracic
Thoracacromial
Lateral thoracic
Subscapular
Anterior circumflex humeral
Posterior circumflex humeral


Brachial artery: recurrent and collateral branches "I
APretty Sexy"
Inferior ulnar collateral artery goes with Anterior ulnar
recurrent artery.
Posterior ulnar recurrent artery goes with Superior ulnar
collateral artery.
· Alternatively: "I APretty Smart".


Cubital fossa contents "MBottoms Turned
Red":
· From medial to lateral:
Median nerve
Brachial artery
Tendon of biceps
Radial nerve


Lumbar plexus "II Get Laid 
O
Fridays":
Iliohypogastric [L1]
Ilioinguinal [L1]
Genitofemoral [L1, L2]
Lateral femoral cutaneous [L2, L3]
Obtruator [L2, L3, L4]
Femoral [L2, L3, L4]
· Alternatively: "I twice Get Laid OFridays".
· Alternatively: "Interested IGetting Laid On
Fridays?"


Intrinsic muscles of hand (palmar surface) "A OF A OF A":
· Thenar, lateral to medial:
Abductor pollicis longus
Opponens pollicis
Flexor pollicis brevis
Adductor pollicis.
· Hypothenar, lateral to medial:
Opponens digiti minimi
Flexor digiti minimi
Abductor digiti minimi


Orbit: bones of medial wall "MLittle Eye
Sits in the orbit":
Maxilla (frontal process)
Lacrimal
Ethmoid
Sphenoid (body)


Hip: lateral rotators "Piece Goods Often
GOQuilts":
Piriformis
Gemellus superior
Obturator internus
Gemellus inferior
Obturator externus
Quadratus femoris


Erector spinae muscles "I Love Sex":
· From lateral to medial:
Iliocostalis
Longissimus
Spinalis
· Alternatively: "I Long for Spinach"
· "Sex" helps you think of "Erector", but "Long" and "Spinach" help you remember
the muscles' names.


Thoracoacromial artery branches "CAlifornia Police
Department":
Clavicular
Acromial
Pectoral
Deltoid


Axillary artery branches "Send The Lord
to Say A Prayer":
· From proximal to distal:
Superior thoracic
Thoracacromial
Lateral thoracic
Subscapular
Anterior circumflex humeral
Posterior circumflex humeral


Scrotum layers "Some Damn Englishman 
C
alled IThe Testis":
· From superficial to deep:
Skin
Dartos
External spermatic fascia
Cremaster
Internal spermatic fascia
Tunica vaginalis
Testis


Internal jugular vein: tributaries "Medical Schools
Let Confident People In":
· From inferior to superior:
Middle thyroid
Superior thyroid
Lingual
Common facial
Pharyngeal
Inferior petrosal sinus


Retroperitoneal structures list SAD PUCKER:
Suprarenal glands
Aorta & IVC
Duodenum (half)
Pancreas
Ureters
Colon (ascending & descending)
Kidneys
Esophagus (anterior & left covered)
Rectum


Portal-systemic anastomoses: main 2 places that retroperitoneals
connect into systemic RetroPeritoneals hook up with Renal
and Paravertebral veins.




Serratus anterior: innervation SALT:
Serratus Anterior = Long Thoracic.


Carpal bones "Stop Letting Those People
Touch The Cadaver's Hand":
· Proximal row, lateral-to-medial:
Scaphoid
Lunate
Triquetrum
Pisiform
· Distal row, lateral-to-medial:
Trapezium
Trapezoid
Capitate
Hamate
· Alternatively: "Stop Letting The Professor Touch
The Cadaver's Hand"


Carpum and tarsum "SCIT":
(Artum) Superior Carpum
(Artum) Inferior Tarsum


Extraocular muscles cranial nerve innervation "LR6SO4
rest 3
":
Lateral Rectus is 6th
Superior Oblique is 4th
rest are all 3rd cranial nerve


Brachial plexus organization "The Castrated 
D
og Turns Rabid":
· From lateral to medial:
Terminal branches
Cords
Divisions
Trunks
Roots


Foramen ovale contents MALE:
Mandibular nerve
Accessory meningeal artery
Lesser petrosal nerve
Emissary veins
Alternatively: also include Motor root of Trigeminal and Middle
meningeal vein under 'M'.


Supine vs. prone body position "Supine is on your 
spine
.
Therefore, prone's the "other" one.
· Also, prone to suffocate in prone position.


External carotid artery branches "Sister Lucy's
Powdered Face Often Attracts Silly Medicos":
· Before entering the parotid gland:
Superior thyroid
Lingual
Posterior auricular
Facial
Occipital
Ascending pharyngeal
· Ends as:
Superficial temporal and
Maxillary bifurcating in the in the parotid gland


Femoral triangle: arrangement of nerve, artery, vein VAN:
· From medial to lateral:
Vein
Artery
Nerve
· Nerve/Artery/Vein are all called Femoral.


Bronchi: which one is more vertical "Inhale a bite,
goes down the right":
Inhaled objects more likely to lodge in right bronchus, since it is the one that
is more vertical


Don't forget to visit my other best posts in Mnemonics section. 
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2 comments:

ajay yadav October 20, 2013 at 6:29 PM  

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Nuwan Mahesh March 27, 2015 at 8:22 PM  

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